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Wednesday, 24 May 2017

Tim Maia "Racional Vol 1" 1974 + ‎"Racional Vol. 2" 1975 Brazil Latin Psych Soul Funk Rock


Tim Maia  "Racional Vol 1" 1974 + ‎"Racional Vol. 2" 1975  Brazil Latin Psych Soul Funk Rock


Tim Maia "Racional Vol 1" 1974 

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Released in 1975, “Racional Vol. 1” by Tim Maia is just a banging album. Tim Maia, by then, had always been Brazil’s resident R&B and Funk master…a heady ball of James Brown, Barry White, and Curtis Mayfield. He was known as the most hard headed artist, picking fights with collaborators, or scrapping takes and re-recording all the parts by himself. Tim, was such a rebellious character, that he would try to maximize his wealth and fame by creating his own label and publishing company, at a time when such a thing was way out of the ordinary in Brazil. This physically giant and imposing figure, was getting to a density point where he couldn’t handle all the issues, emotionally and musically that were occurring to him in the the middle of the ‘70s. 

With all this in mind, he needed help. He turned to a spiritual group called Cultura Racional, which published a religious tract by an indigenous carioca mystic named Jacintho Coelho. The beliefs of this half black and half mestizo Brazilian enthralled Tim. The ideas of Racional Immunization, sorta like a Brazilian take on the back to Africa thoughts of Marcus Garvey that fed a lot of Reggae musicians’ headspace, started to drive an overriding theme for Tim. This theme was projected onto this album in its lyrics, sound, and artwork. And what an album it is! In a way this Rationalist’ belief saved Tim’s musical life as much as his physical/spiritual.

Musicians: Tim Maia (Flute, Drums, Bass, percussion and guitar), Serginho Trombone (Trombone and Piano), Robson Jorge (organ, piano, clavinet, keyboard), Paulinho Guitarra (guitarra, bass, acoustic guitar), Beto Cajueiro (bass), Paulinho Trompete (trumpet), Oberdan Magalhães (sax), Robério Rafael (drums - former member of banda Brylho) e Luiz Carlos Batera (drums - former member of banda Back Rio).
For me, I hold this album in high regard because its just so fucking interesting, pardon my French. Its an album full of extremely hard funk and soul married with the sounds of Afro-Brazil and samba. You’ll probably never hear an album like this in your life. Just check out the first track, spouting the beauty of Racionalist thought. As the album cycles forward through its various stages of sound, some genuinely beautiful like “Leia o Livro” or “Contacto Com o Mundo Racional” or righteously funky like “Bom Senso” one starts to get what Tim was going for. Its a rebirth of sort. Thankfully, Tim’s new thought process didn’t reach his finale here, I highly recommend the next volumes of Racional: Racional Vol. 2 and 3 to get the full breadth of his brilliance....by..DIEGO OLIVAS ..~

Out of all the Brazilian artists who came to the fore in the late 60s/early 70s Tim Maia was the one that embodied the rock ‘n’ roll spirit the most. His favourite cocktail was cocaine, cannabis and whiskey, he had a propensity for falling out with musicians, would often miss important appointments and gigs and even served a six-month stint in prison when a scholarship in the US ended in him being caught in possession of marijuana. 

It’s this history that makes two of Maia’s recordings: Racional and Racional Vol. 2 so intriguing. By 1974 Maia had released four self-titled albums that included many of his classic tracks; “Cristina”, “A Festa do Santo Reis”, “Idade” and “These Are The Songs”, to name a few. His mix of American soul and funk with sprinkles of forró, samba and baião had been a big hit with Brazil’s youth. 

He was close to putting the finishing touches on his fifth album in July 1974 when he decided to visit his friend Tibério Gaspar. During one occasion when he was waiting for Tibério to finish in the toilet he picked a book up from the table. Intrigued by what he read he took the book home with him. A couple of days later he rang his guitarist Paulinho. He wanted an emergency band meeting to discuss this book that had taken over his thoughts. The book was called Universo em Desencanto. 

Universo em Desencanto or “Universe in Disenchantment” was written by Manoel Jacinto Coelho. It contains all the teachings of a sect known as ‘Rational Culture’. The sect teaches that there are no miracles, everything is natural. In order for the world to exist there needs to be a natural balance, and for a human being to achieve that natural balance they would need to read “Universe in Disenchantment“. It had entranced Maia so much that he had been to visit Coelho, as he mentioned in a 1991 interview with Playboy: “When I arrived there I saw the business was umbanda, candomblé (both Afro-Brazilian religions), basic spiritualism. He [Coelho] had lived there for 15 years in an enormous property that even included a motel for extraterrestrials.” That was one of the other things about Rational Culture. They believed that aliens exist. 

If this all sounds a bit too much it is surprising how his band at the time seemed to receive Maia’s change of direction. The music and some of the vocals had been completed for his upcoming release. Maia wanted to change all the lyrics to reflect his new faith. So it was that songs such as “Adios San Juan de Puerto Rico” became “Quer Queira Não Queira.” The band, consisting of Paulinho (guitar), Serginho (trombone), Robson Jorge (guitar & keys) and Oberdan Magalhães (sax & flute), have few memories of this era but surprisingly went along with many of Maia’s suggestions, Serginho remembering “It was a very painful time. Tim lived watching the sky for flying saucers. The worst thing of all was that he convinced us [the band] to join the sect. We painted all our instruments white, even the drums. He threw away all the material products from his apartment. He threw outside his cooker, fridge freezer and even the carpet.” 

Racional was released in 1975. It’s an álbum with some strong moments. Lead single “Imunizacao Racional (Que Beleza)” was a smooth soul track in the vein of The Isley Brothers, a band who seemed to have a big influence too on “Bom Senso” with its incendiary guitarwork. Listening to the album it’s impossible to ignore the influence of ‘Rational Culture.’ For a start look at the song titles: “Energia Racional”, “Contato Com O Mundo Racional” and “Universo em Desencanto” to name a few, but perhaps more perplexing is Maia’s choice to insert 30 second interludes telling people to buy ‘Universo em Desencanto’ or even to fold this message into one of the songs. The classic example here is ‘Racional Culture’, a stripped-down funk tune with the declaration: 

“We’re gonna rule the world don’t you know, don’t you know, 
We’re gonna put it together” 

A lyric which would seem far less ominous without knowing the story of the album. When the song breaks down after six minutes Maia lays down the message even clearer: 

“Listen you all we’re gonna tell you the most important thing that you ever heard in your life, you never heard that before. We came from a super world, world of rational energy and we live in the empty world, world of animal’s energy. Read the book, the only book, the book of good, universe in desnchantment and you’re going to know the truth.” 

It should be noted that all of this song is in English, as well as some of the other parts of this album (and plenty of songs in Maia’s catalogue). The album was self-released by Maia, using a label he called Seroma (taken from his full name Sebastião Rodrigues Maia). The album sold few copies (with all profits going to the cult), not helped by the fact that it was being released by this small, new label and not Philips with its huge distribution network. Shows were almost exclusively filled by members of the cult, normally arriving by caravan. He released a second volume of Racional in 1976. It was a more solid record with less divergencies into trying to sell the book, and included “O Caminho do Bem”, a song now immortalized via its use in City of God. 

Eventually Maia became disillusioned with Coelho and caused a real scandal. Followed by Paulinhos he shouted from the window, to all passers-by that ‘Universo was a lie’. He returned to his previous lifestyle and artistic instincts, even putting on some of the weight that he’d lost from abstaining from drink and drugs during the time. He would often speak negatively about the experience in later years, famously responding to Marisa Monte informing him that she would be recording one of his songs from the period by saying “Why do you want to listen to this Marisa Monte? Leave it alone, Marisa Monte!” 

In reality, apart from the obvious embarrassment of believing something that you then later decide is a lie, there is very little need for Maia to hide from these discs. They have even become collector’s items with copies trading hands for as much as R$250. In 1995 they were re-released by Trama Records, meaning that many people got to hear this music for the first time, and interest continues to grow in them. There are even bands in Brazil who exclusively play music from this period in Maia’s career....By Russ Slater....~

Tracklist 
Imunização Racional (Que Beleza)
O Grão Mestre Varonil
Bom Senso
Energia Racional
Leia O Livro Universo Em Desencanto
Contacto Com O Mundo Racional
Universo Em Desencanto
You Don't Know What I Know
Rational Culture 





Tim Maia ‎"Racional Vol. 2" 1975
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The year was 1974. On the heels of the biggest hits of his career to that point, "Réu Confesso" and "Gostava Tanto de Você," Brazilian soul singer Tim Maia broke with his label, Polydor, lured by the offer of a double-album deal with RCA Victor. The 32-year-old Maia and his band retired to a house in a secluded section of Rio de Janeiro and spent their days smoking marijuana and experimenting with hallucinogens while working on new material. By the end of July, they had a few dozen songs worked out -- instrumental grooves that followed Tim's tried and true samba-soul formula -- but few lyrics. Pleased with the rough recordings, RCA dared to hope that their investment in the unpredictable singer would pay off in spades, but Tim managed to turn everything on its head. In the midst of a mescaline trip, he discovered a book entitled Universo em Desencanto (literally "Universe in Disenchantment"), the manifesto of an obscure religious cult known as Cultura Racional. Within weeks, Maia had dedicated his life to the cult, coerced his entire band to join and live by its strict precepts (no drugs, no alcohol, no red meat, and no sex except for the purpose of procreation), and was bent on a new direction for his double album. Gone was the accessible pop music he'd been known for, his usual romantic and party-oriented lyrics replaced by devotional verses. Tim Maia had conceived a new sort of lunatic gospel music rife with sci-fi imagery and relentless evangelism. "Read the book, the only book!" was Tim's mantra, repeated dutifully on every track. Clearly, he was obsessed, but whatever dubious logic and deception were behind it, the end result is astonishing. Drug-free (though perhaps not clear-headed) and abstinent from his usual dietary excesses, the singer was in top form, his already powerful voice infused with a passion and range heretofore unheard. Likewise, his meticulous tight-knit arrangements, which move seamlessly from lively pre-disco funk to thick, bluesy grooves, incorporating elements of reggae, psychedelic rock, and Motown-inspired soul, are stirring, regardless of the lyrics. 
Of course, all the new age rhetoric will fly right over the heads of non-Portuguese speakers, but one listen to the English-language "Rational Culture," which closes the first volume, will give an inkling to the madness at hand. An infectious 12-minute jam driven by Hammond organ and shimmering electric guitar digressions that would make Isaac Hayes proud, "Rational Culture" has Tim laying out the cult's core beliefs, declaring "We came from a superworld, a world of rational energy, and we live in an anti-world, a world of animal energy." Predictably, RCA Victor wanted nothing to do with Racional (Maia founded his own company, Seroma, and distributed the two albums independently in 1975), and neither did the public. Few record stores agreed to stock the albums; fans were put off by the strange covers (drawings that explains the cult's philosophy) and abstruse song titles. While one track, the brooding samba-reggae "Imunização Racional (Que Beleza)," received some airplay, the albums were universally panned by critics. Commercially, Racional represents the low point of Tim Maia's career. A year later, disenchanted with Cultura Racional, Tim broke with the cult once and for all, recalled both volumes from store shelves, and destroyed all the copies he could. Thus Racional became a shameful footnote, one that Maia strove to erase from the public's memory, and it remained so until years later, when other Brazilian artists such as Marisa Monte and Gal Costa starting covering "Imunização Racional (Que Beleza)." And while both volumes of Racional remained out of print throughout Tim Maia's lifetime, its legend grew. The few copies in circulation became coveted collector's items and, over the years, many have come to regard Racional as Maia's finest work. In 2006, Racional, Vol. 1 finally appeared for the first time in CD form on the Trama label.........by Matt Rinaldi ...~

Racional is the fifth studio album by Brazilian singer-songwriter Tim Maia. The album was released in the year 1975 by the Seroma label, which belonged to Tim Maia himself. It was recorded while Tim Maia participated in the Ideology of Rational Culture. 

Tim Maia prepared for a year the material for a new work, and when he judged finished it presented to the record company Philips. He got the answer that he should redo the disc and come back with another proposal. The temperamental behavior caused the singer to break the contract with the record company Phillips, and found his own seal, Seroma (that is an acronym for Sebastião Rodrigues Maia, its baptismal name). The making of the Rational disc is directly linked to the Upper Rational sect, in which he had become a fanatic adept. The lyrics found in the album defend the work "Universo em Desencanto", a book on which the sect is based, and also brings an exaltation to the leader of Seita, Manuel Jacinto Coelho in the track "O Grão Mestre Varonil". 

After the release of the album, Tim Maia spent a good deal of time divulging the book Universe in Disenchantment, including sending the book to James Brown, Curtis Mayfield and John Lennon, the last one answered in an ironic way, sending him a naked photo accompanied by the message: 

"Dear freak, I do not understand English. What about LISTEN to this photo? " 

- John Lennon 

Tim told a newspaper that the Rational Superior had been angry with Lennon, and that it would give him only another nine years to live. 

Racional was released in CD format in 2006 by Trama Records. 

The album was chosen by the Brazilian edition of Rolling Stone magazine as being the 17th most important album in the history of Brazilian music.......~

At the end of 1973, Tim Maia had been hired by the RCA record label and the idea of ​​releasing a double album of "Síndico" was very commented on in the musical medium. Recalling that at that time, the design of a double disc was intended only for the big record sellers, that is, those who would give a certain return to the executives of the music industry. And this idea seemed to really work, after all, until the bases of some songs had been recorded a few months later. During this same period, Tim Maia was totally fascinated and involved with the teachings of the Rational Culture sect (of the founder Manoel Jacintho Coelho) and stayed a long time away from the studios and the rehearsals of the accompanying band, later named Seroma Racional. This generated some disturbances, until the moment that Tim began to write, frantically, the lyrics of the new songs and began the works of recording of the vocals. 
The detail is that Tim demonstrated from the outset an immense fanaticism by the sect (exposing it in his compositions and attitudes) and the executives of the RCA began to believe in the possible failure of sales, even by the confused ideas that he presented / displayed. They simply gave up producing the singer's album. With this new fact, Tim was forced to buy the rights to the work and tapes recorded and took to himself the accompaniment of the pressing of the disc and the proper distribution of this work. The RCA forecast was confirmed and the low bandage was evident, more precisely 38 thousand copies of Vol 1 and 20 thousand copies of Vol.2. 
Anyway, by analyzing the musical part (which is what matters in fact), Racional Vol. 1 and 2 presents a mature Tim Maia and with an impeccable voice, finely tuned. You can also see a loose band with a killer groove, making the best of funk-soul, always with a great deal of psychedelic. 
From Vol.1 (released in 1975), we can highlight "Rational Immunization (What Beauty)", one of the main successes of his entire career, "Good Sense", a wonderful funk with a beautiful metal arrangement and fantastic " Rational Culture ". This last one is one of those songs that has a power to hypnotize all the people who appreciate the good music and even for its long duration and virtuosity, must be a theme very explored and executed by the bands of the country (and the outside) that are beginning to Career and seeking a sound of their own. Without a doubt, it's one of the coolest songs of Tim Maia's entire career. 
Already Vol.2 (released the following year) seems to be even more consistent and inspired, with strong and somewhat complex songs. "Whatever" and "Guinea Bissau, Mozambique and Rational Angola", all present a chilling balance, which in a way disguises the content of incessant Dull times and with a high tone of proselytism. "The Way of the Good" and the re-reading of "Rational Immunization (What Beauty)" are the highlights of this second volume, with an emphasis on guitar solos and extremely precise metals. 
Many people who enjoy Tim Maia's music sometimes underestimate the Rational Vol.1 and 2 albums. Of course, because it was produced independently and also because of the immense apology to the teachings of Rational Culture, this work was somewhat overlooked during A good time. Tim Maia himself insisted on forbidding his circulation after the break with the sect. The fact is that even the lyrics being eccentric and not accessible, good music reigns in Rational Vol.1 and 2 and today we can see that this work needs to be revered by the new generations, even because it is highly perceivable that it was made with soul And heart. 
To conclude, it certainly is not Tim's best work, but it has a great appeal and meaning and should be treated as a jewel of our music. 
Surely Tim Maia would be proud of these albums if he were still among us, mainly because of the musical force they contain. ...............By Fabiano Oliveira....~

After his fourth album, Maia left Polydor for RCA Victor, who offered him a chance to record a double album. The instrumental parts were all ready when Maia went to his composing friend Tibério Gaspar for help with the lyrics. In his house Maia found the book Universo em Desencanto (Universe in Disenchantment), revolving around the cult of Rational Culture.[7] Maia converted to the cult, abandoned the drugs and red meat, and decided to write the lyrics for the songs about the knowledge contained in the book. RCA rejected the albums Tim Maia Racional, Vols. 1 & 2 for the newly found spiritual content, but Maia bought the master tapes from them and released the albums independently through label Seroma Discos, which would split its profits with the cult. While lead single "Que Beleza (Imunização Racional)" had some airplay, at the time these records were not well received, due to inadequate distribution, and the spiritual content alienating both the radios and Maia's fans. Eventually the artist could only perform at events promoted by the Rational Culture. Eventually in 1975 Maia got fed up with the cult, destroyed the unsold records and went back to his carefree life...." 

Tracklist 
Quer Queira Quer Não Queira 4:50 
Paz Interior 2:56 
O Caminho Do Bem 6:10 
Energia Racional 2:57 
Que Legal 4:13 
Cultura Racional 4:39 
O Dever De Fazer Propaganda Deste Conhecimento 5:53 
Guiné Bissau Moçambique E Angola R
















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Tim Maia “Tim Maia” 1973 Brazil Soul Funk MPB

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Tim Maia “Nobody Can Live Forever: The Existential Soul of Tim Maia" 70`s Brazil Psych,Gospel,Funk,Soul

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Tim Maia "Tim Maia" 1977 Brazil Soul,Funk,MPB 

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